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Wednesday, January 22, 2020

all about Ramadan 2021- History, Purpose, facts, duas

all about Ramzan / Ramadan 2021- History, Purpose, Facts, Dua, Hadiths

*Ramzan/ Ramadan Kareem 2021*
!!!! Ramadan Mubarak to all !!!


Do you know HISTORY & WHAT IS RAMADAN & WHEN IS RAMADAN 2021?
WHAT IS IFTAR? & WHAT BREAK THE FAST DURING RAMADAN 2021?


Do you know INTERESTING FACTS, PURPOSE OF RAMADAN & FASTING RULES ABOUT RAMADAN?


If your answer is NO then, you are in the right place.


Here we will discuss in short The HISTORY OF RAMADAN, RAMADAN CHARITY, RAMADAN FASTING HOURS, RAMADAN FASTING RULES, FAQ ABOUT RAMADAN, RAMADAN DUAS, Things NOT TO DO during Ramadan, RAMADAN HADITH and some RAMADAN MUBARAK status, wishes, greeting.
Table Of Content:
1) HISTORY OF RAMADAN
2) WHAT IS RAMADAN
3) RAMADAN CHARITY
4) WHAT IS IFTAR
5) WHEN IS RAMADAN 2021
6) RAMADAN FASTING HOURS
7) INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT RAMADAN
8) RAMADAN FASTING RULES
9) FAQ ABOUT RAMADAN
10) RAMADAN DUAS
11) Things NOT TO DO during Ramadan
12) RAMADAN HADITH
13) RAMADAN MUBARAK status, wishes, greeting.


1) HISTORY OF RAMADAN:

RAMADAN STORY:

The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root "ramida" which means "scorching heat" or dryness.
Here scorching heat is symbolizing the spiritual process of burning away sin with good deeds.
         
In the year 610 AD, the Holy Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammed on the night of Laylatul-Qad (Night of Power) by the angel Jibreel (AS).
This night falls in the month of Ramadan and as a result, fasting was prescribed to Muslims for the duration of this month in celebration.

Thus began the Islamic ritual of fasting on the month of Ramadan.

This ritual fast known as, Sawm, and is one of the five pillars of Islam.

It requires that individuals abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, and sexual intercourse from fasting start time (suhoor) to end time of fast (iftar).


Beyond the physical abstinence, the reason Ramadan is known as the month of detoxing or training is explained that the ayah in Surah, Baqara says fasting has been prescribed for you so that you may gain Taqwa.

Taqwa means piety, but its literal meaning is also protection.

Ramadan is the month in which you train and protect your heart to become stronger, more pious, and closer to Allah by controlling your body from physical and material desires.


"inna zalika min taqwal kuluub" – the heart is the place of taqwa - which is a reference to sura Al Hajj ayah 32 where Allah swt says,

"Zalika wa-mai yu'azzim sha'aaa'iral laahi-fa-innahaa-min-taqwal-quloob"
which translates to ‘he who respects the Symbols of Allah, surely shows the piety of his heart.’

In general, the practices of Ramadan are mainly to purify oneself from thoughts and deeds which are as per Islam. By removing all desires, so one is able to focus only on devotion and please to Allah.


Many Muslims with the physical ritual of fasting, try to purge of impure thoughts, anger, cursing, and greed. the intentions during Ramadan are also important like the act and intention should be only as per said in hadiths by Muhammad (S.A.W) peace be upon him and the Quran.


Like You can abstain from food and water all day but if you are cussing, angry, and mean spirited during this fast then how much have you achieved the goal of Ramadan which is self-purification to attain closeness to Allah?


Do you know? during  Ramadan, Many Muslims complete the reading of the entire Quran.

2) WHAT IS RAMADAN?

Importance of Ramadan/Significance of Ramadan/Purpose of fasting during Ramadan :

Benefits of fasting during Ramadan:

  • During the month of Ramadan Muslims fast from sunrise till sunset every day of the Ramadan month.
  • Muslims abstain from food drink and sex. Fasting during Ramadan is a natural and effective way for the body to detoxify.
  • You know that the stomach is known as a house for bacteria. When no food enters for several hours in the stomach it gets to rest and the toxins that are there in the body are removed, they are pushed out. So fasting is a very good way for the body to removes all the toxins and it helps in various diseases.
  • In the early stage of the thirty days of fasting during Ramadan stage, both blood sugar level, and blood pressure drop.
  • The body starts the cleansing process and you may complaint of headaches, dizziness, nausea, and intense hunger.
  • During the second stage, the body starts accepting you’re the fasting schedule and the digestive system focuses its energy on cleansing and healing the body. The body becomes more active during this stage.
  • In the third stage energy levels will increase your mind, you are able to concentrate better and an overall feeling of wellness overtakes you. during fasting, the body's healing process becomes a lot more efficient and so the body repairs any damaged cells during this stage.
  • Also Fasting during Ramadan the colon, liver, kidney, lungs and skin is detoxing by eliminating toxins.
  • In the last 10 days of fasting during Ramadan, your body becomes more energetic and you experience improved memory and concentration. Your body functions at its maximum capacity.
  • The psychological benefit of fasting During Ramadan is fasting helps in patience, forbearance, and perseverance.
  • It helps a person to increase his self-control. It helps him to increase self-reflexivity also the self-training and discipline are improved.
  • fasting During Ramadan also increases in patience and perseverance.
  • Fasting During Ramadan helps in the conditioning of the heart, body, mind, and soul.
  • Fasting during Ramadan a sort of training it even helps in behavioral change and changing behaviors are very difficult.
  • And lastly, if you can control your hunger you can control almost all your desires.

3)RAMADAN CHARITY/RAMADAN ZAKAT:

Why is charity such a big part of Ramadan?

Charity or Zakat is one of the 5 pillars of Islam. giving charity 2.5% of daily earning is compulsory in Islam. 


During Ramadan, Muslims do more charity in the form of money, clothes, food, r in any other form. 

many Muslims arrange iftar dinners to less fortunate people who can not afford the food. as Ramadan is the holy month, Muslims do more charity in Ramadan to earn more "sawab", i.e to earn more rewards from Allah, also as mentioned in many hadiths that The Allah will forgive their sins during Ramadan and grant paradise (Jannah) after death.

4)WHAT IS IFTAR?

Iftar meaning in English is the meal by which Muslims break their fast during Ramadan. usually, Muslims do iftar by eating dates because prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) (peace be upon him) used to do, so it is considered as sunnah in Muslims.

5)WHEN IS RAMADAN 2021?

  • beginning of Ramadan 2021: will be on Thursday, 12 April 2021
  • Ramzan first Roza: will be on 13 April 2021 
  • Ramadan start date: 12 April 2021
  • Ramadan 2021 end date: will  be on Saturday, 11 May 2021
  • Ramadan 2021 finish: if 11 May 2021 is the last fast (Roza) 12th will be considered as eid-ul-Fitr and Ramadan 2021 will be finished. 
  • Dates may vary (Ramadan dates depend upon moon sighting)

6)RAMADAN FASTING HOURS:

Usually, the Ramadan fasting hour start at around 4a.m and Ramadan fast end at after sunset i.e nearby 7p.m to 7.30p.m.
so if you calculate the total Ramadan fasting hours it would be close to 14-15 hrs out of 24 hrs.

7)INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT RAMADAN/RAMADAN FACTS FOR KIDS:

  • Islam has 5 pillars of faith
      1) Namaz (salah) five times a day.
      2) Zakat (giving 2.5% of daily earnings to charity).
      3) Roza (fasting during Ramadan).
      4) shahadah (there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad            (S.A.W) (peace be upon him) is His messenger.
      5) To perform the Hajj at least once in life.

  • The sight of the new crescent moon marks the starting of Ramadan because the Islamic calendar depends upon the moon(lunar).
  • In The Quran 2:183- it was given "fasting is compulsory for Muslims"
  • Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic lunar calendar.
  • Ramadan month is the recognition of 1st revelation of the Quran to Muhammad (S.A.W) (peace be upon him) by angel Jibreel (AS).
  • The cave called AL-HIRA where the Holy Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammed by an angel Jibreel (AS).
  • Muslims observe this month with fasting, prayers, and dua's to please Allah.
  • Muslims begin the iftar by eating dates because the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) (peace be upon him) used to do, so it is considered as sunnah.
  • Ramadan shifts 11 days earlier each year.
  • Sunnis recognize the 27th night as a night of power (Laylat Al-Qadr)
  • Shia' recognize 23 rd night of Ramadan as a night of power (Laylat Al-Qadr)
  • During the holy month of Ramadan, the gates of paradise are opened, and the gates of hell are closed for the whole month.
  • Muslims end their fast (Iftar) by eating dates because Muhammad (S.A.W) used to do so, it is considered as sunnah.
  • The last day of Ramadan month is celebrated as Eid-ul-Fitr.

8)RAMADAN FASTING RULES:

Who can fast during Ramadan?

  • Mentally and physically fit.
  • Above the age of puberty and discretion, which is normally about fourteen. 
  • To be a resident, not in traveling (on a journey of about 50 miles or more).
  • Women, free from menses (hayd), and post-birth bleeding (nifas).

Exemptions on Obligatory Fast during Ramadan:

  • mentally and physically unfit.
  • ill-health and old people who can not bear fasting. ( They required to feed one poor person for every day in Ramadan)
  • People in the course of traveling. (less than 50 miles)
  • Children under the age of puberty, normally below fourteen.
  • Pregnant women and nursing mothers.
  • women with menses and post-birth bleeding.

What breaks the fast during Ramadan?

  • Eating or drinking anything. (intentionally)
  • Intentionally vomiting.
  • The onset of menstruation or post-delivery bleeding.
  • Intentionally Ejaculation. (You need to do Kazah Roza (fasting) after Ramadan, to complete your missed days of fasts of Ramadan) 
  • Sexual intercourse. (requires kaffarah, in which you have to set a slave free; if not possible, then you must have to fast for two continuous months. If not possible, then you must have to feed at least 60 people, if not possible, then whatever you can bear you have to give it to people in the form of food as per your capabilities, this one is only the last option)

What does NOT breaks the fast during Ramadan?

  • Taking bath & rinsing the mouth or nostrils. (do not swallow the water)
  • swallowing owns saliva.
  • tasting food.
  • taking injections.
  • smelling. 
  • wet dreams.
  • unintentionally vomiting.
  • eating or drinking by mistake. (if he has forgotten that he has fast) 

9)FAQ ABOUT RAMADAN:

1) What are the rules of Ramadan?

2) What is fasting in the month of Ramadan?

Allah has made fasting obligatory to everyone during the Holy month of Ramadan. Fasting is one of the important parts of this holy month of Ramadan. During Fasting, you have to refrain from having food, drink, sexual activities, etc from the starting time of Roza (suhoor) to the end time of Roza (iftar) of that day.

3) What is the purpose of Ramadan?

Muslim Fasts during Ramadan and offers Salat(Taraweeh) at night. The main purpose of Ramadan is to please The Allah, hoping for a reward from him and seeking forgiveness and paradise (Jannah) after death.

4) 
Can Muslims kiss during Ramadan?
Yes, Muslims can kiss during Ramadan but sexual intercourse breaks the fast.

5) 
Can you shower during Ramadan?
yes, you can shower during Ramadan but do not swallow water during a shower.


6
) Can I rinse my mouth during Ramadan?
    Yes, you can rinse your mouth (like during wudu) but remember do not swallow the water during rinsing.

7
) Does an inhaler break your fast?
    No inhaler does not break your fast during Ramadan.

8
) Can you eat anything during intermittent fasting?
    You can eat before the fasting time (suhoor or seheri) and later can eat only after the end of fasting time (iftar) in between that given time eating is not allowed.

9
) I am not Muslim but I want to fast – can I?
Many non-Muslims fast in Ramadan and sometimes pray with their Muslim friends. Many Non-Muslims arrange iftar dinners for their Muslim friends during Ramadan.

read more FAQ's on Ramadan fasting rules 

10)RAMADAN DUAS:

  • Sighting the Crescent Moon Dua
  • Dua for The intention of Fast during Ramadan (Roze ki Niyat)- नवैतु आन 
          असु-म गदल लिल्लाहि तआला मिन-सौमि र-मजान (या) नवैतु बीसौमि गदिन
  • Suhor (Sehri) Dua - या वसीअल मग फिरह 

  • Iftar Dua- अल्लाहुम्म ल-क सुम-तु व-बि-क आ-मनतु व-अलै-क त-वक्क्ल-तु व-अला रिज़-क़िक आफ्तर-तु!!!
  • Dua from asr time to magrib time (asr se magrib tak padhne ki dua)
       या वासिअल फ़ज़-लि इग-फ़िर-लि!!!
  • From 1st day of fasting to 10th Day of fasting during Ramadan dua
       (First ashra dua)- अल्लाहुम्मर-हम-नी या अर-हमर-राहीमीन !
  • From 11th day of fasting to 20th Day of fasting during Ramadan dua
       (Second ashra dua)-अल्लाहुम्मग़ फिर-ली जुनूबी वा रब्बल आलमीन !
  • From 21st day of fasting to 30th Day of fasting during Ramadan dua
       (Third ashra dua)- अल्लाहुम्म अत-किनी मीनन्नारी व-अद-खिलनी-फिल-जन्नति या रब्बल 
       आ-लमीन !
  • shab-e-kadar means 21,23,25,27 and 29th shab during ramadan dua-
       अल्लाहुम्म इन्न-क अफुव्वुन तुहिब्बुल अफ-व फ़अ-फु अन्नी या-गफ़ूरु या-गफ़ूरु या-गफ़ूरु!!!


Read: 30 Powerful Dua's for 30 day's of Ramadan

11) Things NOT TO DO during Ramadan:

  • avoid food and water during the fast in Ramadan.
  • avoid all sexual activities, intercourse.
  • avoid long journeys.
  • Limit your physical activities like a gym, running, etc.
  • avoid lying, cheating, etc.
  • avoid fried food, that will make you thirsty.
  • control your anger.
  • avoid any fights and wars.
  • avoid sleeping late at night.
  • avoid heavy meals.
  • earn halal only.
  • avoid all those activities which can divert your mind from pleasing Allah.

12) RAMZAN HADEES/ RAMADAN HADITH in English, Hindi, and Urdu:

Ramzan Hadees in Hindi-1

हजरत उमर रजि अल्लाह अनु से रिवायत है कि रसूलुल्लाह सल्लल्लाहो सल्लमने इरशाद फरमाया इस्लाम (के अरकान में से) यह है कि (दिल व जुबान से) तुम यह शहादत अदा करो कि अल्लाह ताला के सिवा कोई इलाह नहीं (कोई जात इबादत और बंदगी के लायक नहीं) और यह कि मोहम्मद सल्लल्लाहो सल्लम उनके रसूल है और नमाज अदा करो, जकात अदा करो, माहे रमजान के रोजे रखो, और अगर तुम हज की ताकत रखते हो तो हज़ करो! (मुस्लिम)

Ramadan hadith in English-1

Ramadan hadith in English
Ramadan hadith in English

Ramzan Hadees in Hindi-2 

2) हजरत अबू हुरैरा रजिअल्लाह अनु से रिवायत है कि नबी करीम स्वललाहु सल्लम ने इरशाद फरमाया: इस्लाम यह है कि तुम अल्लाह ताला की इबादत करो और उनके साथ किसी को शरीक ना ठहराओ, नमाज कायम करो, जकात अदा करो, रमजान के रोजे रखो, हज़ करो,नेकी का हुक्म करो, बुराई से रोको और अपने घर वालों को सलाम करो| जिस शख्स ने उनमें से किसी चीज में कुछ कमी की हो तो वह इस्लाम के एक हिस्से को छोड़ रहा है और जिसने उन सब को बिल्कुल ही छोड़ दिया है उसने इस्लाम से मुंह फेर लिया! ( मुस्तदरक हाकिम )

Ramadan hadith in English-2 

Ramadan hadith in English
Ramadan hadith in English

Ramzan Hadees in Hindi-3 

3 )हजरत हुज़ैफ़ा रजिअल्लाह अनु से रिवायत है कि नबी करीम स्वललाहु सल्लम ने इरशाद फरमाया: इस्लाम के 8 हिस्से (अहम) है। इमान एक हिस्सा है, नमाज पढ़ना एक हिस्सा है, ज़कात देना एक हिस्सा है हज करना एक हिस्सा है, अल्लाह ताला के रास्ते में जिहाद करना एक हिस्सा है, रमजान के रोजे रखना एक हिस्सा है, नेकी का हुक्म करना एक हिस्सा है, बुराई से रोकना एक हिस्सा है, बिलासुबहा वह शख्स नाकाम हैजिसका (इस्लाम की इन हिस्सों में से किसी में भी) कोई हिस्सा नहीं!

Ramadan hadith in English-3 

Ramadan hadith in English
Ramadan hadith in English

Ramzan Hadees in Hindi-4 

4 ) हजरत अबू हुरैरा रजि अल्लाह अनु से रिवायत हैं की, देहात के रहने वाले एक साहब रसूलुल्लाह स्वललाहु वसल्लम की खिदमत में हाजिर हुए और अर्ज किया "या रसूललुल्लाह कोई मुझे ऐसा अमल बता दीजिए, जिससे करने से मैं जन्नत में दाखिल हो जाउ" आप सल्लल्लाहो वसल्लम ने इरशाद फरमाया, "अल्लाह ताला की इबादत किया करो, किसी को उनका शरीक ना ठहरावो, फर्ज नमाज पढ़ा को पढा करो, जकात अदा किया करो और रमजान के रोजे रखा करो" उन साहब ने अर्ज किया "उस जात की कसम जिसके कब्जे में मेरी जान है जो आमाल आपने फरमाए हैं, वैसे ही करूंगा, उनमें कोई इजाफा नहीं करूंगा" जब वह साहब चले गए तो रसूलुल्लाह स्वललाहु वसल्लम ने इरशाद फरमाया जो शख्स किसी जन्नती को देखना चाहता हो वह उनको देख ले! (bukhari)

Ramadan hadith in English-4 

Ramadan hadith in English
Ramadan hadith in English

13) Ramadan Mubarak status, wishes, greeting


Ramzan status

Ramadan wishes

Ramadan greetings


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