The Muslim blog

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

This article contains the meaning of Wudu and its importance, How to make wudu and what breaks wudu, Dua before and Dua after wudu, and FAQ with answers.


What is wudu in Islam?
Wudu meaning: Wudu is an Arabic word which means ablution in English It is an Islamic ritual of the purification of the body. 

Wudu includes cleaning of the mouth, nostrils, face, head, hands, and feet by using water and required to make before performing prayer, reading, and touching or handling the holy Qur’an.

Without wudu, one cannot perform prayer or handle and read the holy Qur’an.  

Importance of wudu:

Why wudu is so important?

1) In Holy Qur'an Allah says:
O believer! When you rise to Salat, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows, and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to (including) the ankles. (Al-Ma'ida 5:6)

2) Also in Tawbah 9:108 Allah says:
And Allah loves those who purify themselves.

In hadiths, Prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH) Said:

3) The key to Jannah is Namaz and the key to Namaz is Wudu.

4) He also said: Anyone who performs Wudu excellently, carefully his sins will come out from his body, even coming out from under his nails.

5) Anyone amongst you performs who Wudu completely while fulfilling all the etiquettes and desirables and then recite Ashhadu,

The eight gates of Paradise are opened for him to enter from any one of them that he pleases.

6) And another hadith he said: When a Mu'min slave performs Wudu and rinses his mouth; the sins of his mouth are erased.
When he cleans his nose, the sins of his nose are erased.
When he washes his face, the sins of his face are erased even from beneath his eyelids. When he washes his arms, the sins of his arms are erased even from beneath his fingernails. When he wipes his head with his wet hands, the sins of his head are erased, even from his ears. When he washes his feet, the sins of his feet are erased even from beneath his toenails.
Thereafter his walking towards the masjid and offering Salah is a source of more reward.

7) Also hadith says: He who sleeps at night, by performing Wudu, an angel spends the night, attached to his body. When he gets up from the sleep the Angel supplicates:
O, Allah! Forgive Your Slave, so and so, as he slept duly purified.

8) Prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH) said: Undoubtedly, anger comes from Shaitan. Indeed Shaitan is created from fire, and verily fire is extinguished with water. So if one of you becomes angry, he should perform Wudu.

9) He who performs Wudu and performs it well, then visits his sick Muslim brother, seeking reward from Allah, he will be moved away from a distance of seventy Year from Hell.

10) The jewelry of a Mu'min (on the Day of Resurrection) will cover the places where the water of ablution reaches.

Prohibited water for wudu:

1) Already used water for wudu, ghusl, or any other purification procedure.
2) Impure dirty water.
3) Water with the change in color, taste, and smell bad.
4) Water with blood, stool, urine, or any animal dead in that water.

How to make wudu in 4 steps:

You can make Wudu by using two procedures,
farz (obligatory) wudu and Sunnah wudu.

1) How to do Farz wudu steps:

It is performed in 4 steps as given order and wudu will not complete if you miss any one of the steps.

  1. Wash the whole face with water starting from the hairline of the forehead to chin and one earlobe to another earlobe.
    how to make wudu in steps
    How to make wudu
  2. Then wash both hands including elbows, start from right hand then left hand.
    how to make wudu steps
    How to make wudu
  3. Masah of the head with water, gently wipe with wet palms from forehead to back and again from the back of the head to the forehead.
    how to make wudu in steps
    How to make wudu
  4.  Wash feet including ankles, first right foot, and ankle then left foot and ankle.
    how to make wudu in steps
    How to make wudu

When Farz Wudu is mandatory:

  • To perform every Salah.
  • For Janazah (funeral) prayer.
  • When to touch the holy Quran.
  • Before handle and read Quran.

2) How to perform Sunnah wudu steps:

Sunnah Wudu is the additional step in wudu, which was performed by Prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH).

  1. Make niyath or Intention of wudu.
  2. Say “Bismillah”
  3. Wash right hand first then left and Wrists three times.
    how to make wudu step
  4. Brush teeth by using miswak, if miswak is not available use finger to rub teeth.
  5. Take water in the mouth with the right hand and rinse your mouth three times.
    how to make wudu step
  6. Clean nostrils by putting water in it then blow it out or wash your nostrils by using right wet finger thrice.
    how to make wudu step
  7. Wash face starting from hairline of the forehead to chin and one earlobe to another earlobe three times, wash and clean your beard by using wet fingers three times.
    how to make wudu step
  8. Wash right wrist to elbow and in between fingers by rubbing three times, then wash left.
    how to make wudu step
  9. Perform Masah of head and ears- wipe with wet palms from forehead to back head and return to the forehead. Perform Masah only once.
    how to make wudu step

  10. Wash both feet up to ankles, toe, and in between fingers. Wash right foot and ankle first.
    how to make wudu step
  11. Recite Dua after wudu.
NOTE: Wudu should be performed with such care that no part of the skin should remain dry.

Wudu Dua

1) Before making of wudu read Dua:

“Bismillahil Azimee wal-ham-du lillahi ala-deenil islam”

2) Dua after wudu: 

After wudu one should recite Durood then by seeing toward the sky and read Ashhadu:
“Ash-hadu-Allah-illaha-illahah wa-ash-hadu ann-muhamaddan ab-duhu wa rasuluhu”

And then recite this Dua:
“allahummaz aal-ni minttwwabi-n waz-aal-ni minal mu-ta-tahhirin”

In hadith, Prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH) said: Whoever performs a Wudu similar to my Wudu, then stands and offers two Rak'at, not thinking of anything else with complete concentration, all his previous sins are forgiven.

When Sunnah Wudu is required:

  • When you give Adhan and Tak’bir.
  • To read jummah and Eid khudba.
  • Visit Prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH)’s grave.
  • Before Farz Ghusl.

What breaks Wudu?

 Things that break wudu
  1. Urination or Defecation or any other discharge from the urethra or anus. (Semen discharge required Ghusl)
  2. Flatulence.
  3. Bleeding or pus is coming out from any part of the body.
  4. Vomiting*
  5. Sleeping by using any support*
  6. By fainting.
  7. Loss of senses.
  8. Laughing while performing Salah. 
If Mouthful vomiting contains pus or water or food or blood, it breaks the wudu, and if vomiting contains only cough it does not break wudu.

Sleeping without any support for example, sleeping while standing or sitting or slipping in Salah does not break the wudu.

People also ask:

1) How do you perform Wudu?
Farz wudu is easy to perform; you can make Farz wudu only in four steps, which are given above.

2) Can I do Wudu in the shower?
Yes, you can make wudu in the shower; in fact making wudu in the shower is considered as a Sunnah and you just need to follow the wudu order.

3) Is Wudu necessary after ghusl?
There are two different things, shower, and ghusl.
If you are taking a shower without steps performing steps given in ghusl then you need to make wudu.
If you have performed ghusl as per the given procedure, then you don’t need to do wudu.
You can read here how to perform ghusl in 3 steps

4) Does burping invalidate Wudu?
No, burping does not invalidate the wudu, flatulence does break wudu.

5) Do you have to do wudu before every prayer?
6) Should Wudu be done again for offering namaz after reciting Quran with Wudu?
7) Is it necessary to perform Wudu before every obligatory prayer even if I am already in Wudhu?
If your wudu is not broken, you can pray with the previous wudu.
It is not necessary to make it again but it is better to do wudu. As per hadith; for a person who performs Wudu (while already) in a state of purity, for him, ten virtues are written. (Abu Dawud)

Note: Islamic scholars have written that condition for making fresh
Wudu, while already in a state of Wudu, is that one has performed any form of worship with the previous Wudu.

8) What is Wudu called in English?
Wudu is called ablution in English and wudu is an Arabic word. 

9) Can you do Wudu without water?
Yes, you can do wudu without water and the process is called tayammum.

10) What is masah in Wudu?
11) How do you do masah of the head?
Masah of the head, it is wiping off the head from the forehead to the back part of the head by both wet palms, and return back to the forehead again.
Masah is done only once in wudu.

11) Is Wudu necessary after ghusl?
12) Does a bath count as Wudu?
13) Does a shower count as wudu/ablution?
During shower if you followed all steps given in wudu as per order, then only it is counted as wudu. Otherwise you have to perform wudu before prayer.

14) Is it necessary to be in wudu to break Ramadan fast?
No, it is not necessary to be in wudu to break Ramadan fast, wudu is compulsory for prayer.

15) Is pausing my wudu allowed if I have to leave the room and come back while in the middle of wudu?
No, it is not allowed, wudu should be done very carefully; in fact, wudu should be completed in such a way that no part of the skin should remain dry. 

It means if you paused wudu, leave somewhere then come back, and in between that time if a very small a portion of skin became dry you have to perform wudu from the first step.

16) Does brushing your teeth break your wudu?
No, brushing your teeth does not break your wudu.

17) Do I need wuzu to read 99 names of Allah?
No, for reading 99 names of Allah, you did not need wudu. Wudu is required for performing every prayer and handling or reading the Quran.

18) Does holding in a fart break wudu (ablution)?
No, holding a fart does not break wudu, it breaks because of flatulence. If you heard the sound or smelled it or when you are confirmed that you are farted.

19) Can Dua be made without Wudu?
For Dua wudu is not required, you can do Dua without wudu.

20) Does laughing loudly break wudu?
Yes, laughing loudly in prayer breaks your wudu but smiling does not invalidate it.

21) Do long nails invalidate Wudu?
No, long nails do not invalidate wudu, but do wudu carefully, do not let remain any part of skin dry.

22) Does spitting break wudu?
No, spitting does not invalidate wudu.

23) Can I pray with nail polish?
As per hadith; in wudu no part of the skin should remain dry, so if your nail polish is washable then you can perform wudu and pray.
But some nail polishes make a hard layer on the nail and its skin part, and while performing wudu the water did not reach to that nail skin part and it remains dry.

So, it is not considered as wudu and you cannot perform prayer.

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Read Also:

1) How to pray Dua e istikhara in 4 easy steps as per hadith

2) Ayatul Kursi meaning and benefits

3) Dua for safe Travelling

4) Dua to get rid of Debts

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