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Sunday, June 7, 2020


The article is all about "ghusl", what is ghusl? how to perform ghusl step by step, When is ghusl required? Ghusl Dua & FAQ.

What is ghusl?

Ghusl meaning: ghusl is an Arabic word which means full-body purification in Islam also known as full ablution in English.
Ghusl is performed by the washing of the full body with the help of water steps by step in the given order. Without performing these steps in order, ghusl cannot be considered as complete.
Do not confuse with Wudu, wudu is called as half ablution in English. You can read here How to perform Wudu in 4 steps.

When is ghusl required?

The ghusl can be divided into two parts, Fard ghusl and Sunnah ghusl. Fard ghusl is considered as mandatory in the following cases and without ghusl, you cannot perform wudu, any Salah and touching, handling, or reading the holy Quran.

Fard ghusl is required after:

1) Ejaculation
2) Night falls, wet dreams
3) Sexual intercourse with the wife
4) Stopping of hayd
*Hayd meaning in English is Menstruation.
5) After End of Nifas
*Nifas meaning is English is puerperal period.

Sunnah ghusl is required:

1) To perform Jummah prayer
2) To perform Eid-ul Fitr & Eid ul Adha prayer
3) Before Hajj Ehram

Water prohibited for ghusl:

1) Dirty water whose color is unnatural or color is changing because of the presence of dirt.
2) Impure water which smells bad or impure because of the death of any animal or presence of urine, feces, semen, etc.
3) Water which is used before for wudu or ghusl.

How to perform ghusl:

In ghusl, you need to perform all steps in orderly. If you skip any step, your ghusl is considered as incomplete and you need to do ghusl again.
So, how is ghusl performed step by step?
Performing ghusl is very easy; we are giving below all steps required to do ghusl in Fard and in Sunnah. You need to follow these steps one by one as per the given order.

Steps to perform Fard ghusl:

There are 3 steps in Fard ghusl and all 3 steps are mandatory to perform in fard ghusl.

*Recite Niyath of ghusl (intention of ghusl)*

Ghusl Step 1: Rinse your mouth
If you are fasting then take the water inside the mouth and rinse inside completely but do not swallow the water and if you are not fasting then you need to do gargles with water.

Ghusl Step 2: Clean your nostrils
In the second step of ghusl, you have to perform cleaning of your nostrils by inhaling water inside then blowing it out. You have to clean the right nostril first then clean the left nostrils.

Ghusl Step 3: Wash the entire body completely
The third and last step of ghusl should be performed very carefully. In this step, you have to wash the entire body and one should take care that NOT a small as a small part of the skin and NOT even single hair should remain dry. Start washing your entire body from the right side.

Remember these all three steps are Obligatory in fard ghusl and you cannot skip any step, and if you did your ghusl is incomplete and you need to perform ghusl again.

How to perform ghusl
How to perform ghusl

Steps to perform Sunnah ghusl:

There are a minimum of 7 steps required to perform Sunnah ghusl and these Sunnah ghusl steps are given by prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH) in various Hadiths.

Step 1: Niyath of Ghusl (Intention of ghusl)
Before starting of ghusl you need to do niyath of ghusl by saying for example “O, Allah! My intention to perform ghusl is to remove all impurities to become pure”

Step 2: Wash both hands up to the wrist
In the second step, you need to wash both hands, in between fingers up to the wrist three times. Without washing hands, do not enter your hand in the pot or bucket of water you are using to perform ghusl.

Step 3: Wash private parts
In the third step, you need to clean the private parts by washing with water. While washing you must ensure that all the impurities at the private part should be washed off completely like semen discharged from the urethral opening, wash the urethral opening carefully. Use your left hand to wash private parts.

Step 4: Wash dirt or impurities on the body
The fourth step includes the washing of dirt and impurities on the body.

Step 5: Perform wudu
Performing wudu in ghusl is considered as-Sunnah. You can read here how to perform wudu in easy 4 steps as per hadith.
As you have performed wudu in ghusl you will not require to do wudu again after ghusl.

Step 6: Pour water on the entire body three times
This step you have to perform carefully. Here you have to pour water on the entire body three times. Pour water oh head first three times then pour the water on the right shoulder then the entire body.

Step 7: Wash other body spots where water is not reaching
There are somebody spots where water is difficult to reach like the anal surrounding area or urethral opening area or below the knee area or toe sometimes remains dry.
You must take care that every part of body including all the hairs should reach water and not a small part of the skin or single hair should remain dry.
How to perform ghusl
How to perform ghusl

That’s it!!!
This is the Sunnah way to perform ghusl. Sunnah ghusl includes wudu also, so you don’t need to do wudu again after ghusl.

Ghusl Dua:

You should recite “Bismillah” before the starting of ghusl and after finishing ghusl you should recite Ash-hadu;
Ash-hadu-Allah-illaha-illahahu  wa-ash-hadu  ann-muhamaddan ab-duhu wa rasuluhu”
Remember, reciting other than Bismillah before to do ghusl is forbidden.
ghusl Dua
ghusl Dua

Prohibited things in Ghusl:

Everyone should avoid these maqrooh or forbidden things while performing ghusl.
  1. Perform ghusl at a place where anyone is seeing you.
  2. To do ghusl naked and facing toward holy Kabah.
  3. Talking while performing ghusl.
  4. Performing ghusl as opposite to fard or Sunnah.
  5. Reciting any Dua other than Bismillah.

Things to remember while performing ghusl:

  1. If you left any smallest part of skin dry, your ghusl is considered as incomplete. In ghusl, it is Obligatory to wash the entire body.
  2. After ghusl, if you suddenly remember that you forget to wash any spot, then you need to wash that body part only.
  3. If you left any part dry or you forgot to do any step in fard ghusl, then you performed namaz, and later you realized your mistake in ghusl, then you need to perform that forgotten ghusl step and you have to repeat the namaz.
  4. If you left any single hair dry, your ghusl is incomplete.
  5. If you have anything on the skin like nail polish or oil or any other thing that is preventing the water to reach the skin and that is left dry, your ghusl is invalid. 
  6. If you have any open wounds or any the bandage on wound and water is harmful to that part, you can swipe a wet hand over that wound or bandage.


  • Is ghusl required after wet dreams?

Yes, ghusl is required after wet dreams or night falls and after ejaculation, sexual intercourse. In these cases, ghusl became fard means it is mandatory to perform ghusl.
  • How do you perform ghusl?

Fard ghusl is performed in 3 steps and Sunnah is performed in 7 to 8 steps. All steps required in ghusl are given above; follow all steps in order to perform complete ghusl.
  • Can you do Wudu instead of Ghusl?

Ghusl in Obligatory after Sexual intercourse with wife, ejaculations, night falls, stopping of hayd and nifas.
In all these cases Ghusl has become mandatory and you need to perform ghusl, you cannot do wudu instead of ghusl.

  • How long should a ghusl take?

Ghusl hardly takes 5-10 minutes, it is like the time required completing shower.

  • What does ghusl mean in English?

Ghusl is an Arabic word which means full ablution i.e. full-body purification in English.

  • What do you say during ghusl?

Before performing ghusl you need to say the niyath of ghusl (intention of ghusl) and then “Bismillah” after ghusl say Shahada.

  • Can ghusl be done without water?

Ghusl can be performed without water but only in rare cases where water is not available. Read Tayammum here.

  • Can I pray with Janaba?

No, you cannot pray with Janaba, you have to perform ghusl first to purify yourself, and then you can pray namaz.

  • Can I namaz without ghusl?

If you had nightfall, sexual intercourse, ejaculation or stopped of hayd and nifas, in these cases you need to do ghusl and you cannot pray namaz without ghusl.

  • What is Janabah?

Janaba is semen discharge after sexual intercourse with wife or in wet dreams etc.

  • Can you sleep without ghusl?

Read these two hadiths
Narrated Abu Salama:
I asked 'Aisha "Did the Prophet use to sleep while he was Junub?"
She replied, "Yes, but he used to perform ablution (before going to bed).

Narrated 'Abdullah:
'Umar asked the Prophet "Can anyone of us sleeps while he is Junub?" He replied, "Yes if he performs ablution."

It means you have to perform ablution before sleeping and you cannot sleep without performing ablution.

  • Can Wudu replace ghusl?

No, wudu cannot replace ghusl, ghusl is considered as full-body purification means full ablution, and wudu is considered as half ablution and without ghusl, you cannot perform wudu.
Read here more about wudu.

  • Can you eat without ghusl?

Yes, you can eat without ghusl, but it is better to perform ghusl before eating.

  • Does a shower count as a Ghusl?

No, the shower does not count as ghusl; ghusl is full-body purification and it includes various steps and you need to follow all steps as per order to perform ghusl.

  • Why is Ghusl important?

Ghusl is required in major impurity, and ghusl is important for full-body purification. When ghusl became obligatory on you, you cannot perform wudu before ghusl.
Without ghusl you cannot perform namaz and without ghusl, you cannot touch, handle or read the holy Quran.
  • Should I use soap when doing ghusl?

Yes, you can perform ghusl by using soap.

  • Can I wear the same clothes after ghusl?

Yes you can wear the same clothes after ghusl but you have to wash them before and the clothes should be washed with such care that, these clothes should not have any impurity on them.

  • What should we say after taking ghusl?

Recite “Bismillah” before the starting of ghusl and recite shahada i.e Ashhadu after the ghusl.
Ash-hadu-Allah-illaha-illahahu  wa-ash-hadu  ann-muhamaddan ab-duhu wa rasuluhu”

  • Is fasting valid without ghusl?

Ghusl does not break the fasting in Ramadan, you can fast without ghusl but to perform namaz you need to do ghusl. You can read more about Ramadan fasting rules and what break the fasting in Ramadan.

  • Can I take breaks while doing ghusl?

It is not recommended to take breaks while performing ghusl, because ghusl need to perform with such care that the smallest part of skin or hair should not remain dry and if it remains dry it is not considered as ghusl and you need to perform ghusl again from the first step.

Read more:

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